Secure Shellscript ohne Passworteingabe: (known fingerprint)

Debug: call ssh with -ddd

https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-set-up-ssh-keys-on-ubuntu-22-04

ACHTUNG! Diese Anleitung bezieht sich auf Protokoll 1 (DSA VERALTET; Benutze RSA!). Nicht mehr empfehlenswert.

Lieber Protokol 2 verwenden. Da heissen die Schlüssel nicht mehr identity(.pub), sondern ~/.ssh/id_rsa(.pub) und ~/.ssh/id_dsa(.pub). Sonst kann man das alles hier verwenden.

in einer Zeile:

ssh-keygen -b 2048 -t rsa

Ubuntu 22: Der Algo hat sich geändert, ich komme nicht mehr mit preauth (key) in meine remote server. Verlangt immer Passwort. Lösung: shd_config (am Client!): 2 Zeilen hinzu:

HostKeyAlgorithms +ssh-rsa
PubkeyAcceptedAlgorithms +ssh-rsa

1)

http://www.linuxforum.com/linux_tutorials/18/1.php

There are two machines A and B. The idea is to login (via ssh) from A to B without typing the password that machine B would normally ask for. A is called the client and B is called the server.

Short

A single command on the client A does this (replace SERVERB by the correct machine name or IP address of server B ):

ssh-keygen -t dsa(VERALTET) -f ~/.ssh/identity(weglassen, heisst jetzt id_rsa(.pub)!) && cat ~/.ssh/identity.pub | ssh SERVERB 'sh -c "cat - >>~/.ssh/authorized_keys2 && chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys2"'

Press enter twice. Then it will ask you for password when u run this command but this w ill be the last time it will ask. After this, you can jump to step 4 below.

Longer

Einzelne Schritte:

Generate your public and private keys on client A, by running:

ssh-keygen -t dsa -f ~/.ssh/mykey

Just hit enter twice for the passphrase query.

Next, copy your public key on client A to Server B. Run the command:

 
cat ~/.ssh/mykey.pub | ssh SERVERB 'sh -c "cat - >>~/.ssh/authorized_keys && chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys"'

It will ask you for your password.

Don't worry, this is the last time you will have to type it in.

This puts your public key on server B, in a special file that holds trusted public keys, and gives it appropriate permissions so that its readable by you only.

Move your private key to a file ssh looks for by default and make it secret by running this on client A:

mv ~/.ssh/mykey ~/.ssh/identity && chmod 600 ~/.ssh/identity 

Since this file is like your password, it must be readable by you only.

You are all set. Now run:

ssh SERVERB

And server B should let you login without password.

 
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ssh_without_password.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2022/05/06 16:32 von gerald
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